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Com. Baidyanath Majumder

Baidyanath MajumBorn in 1923 at Kailashahar, Comrade Baidyanath Majumder, as the fourth of the seventh children of his parents, spent his childhood and boyhood in dire poverty, loosing his father during boyhood. He appeared in Matriculation examination in 1942, shortly after which in 1943 attained membership of the undivided communist party, as he had meanwhile been attracted to communist ideology due to his knowledge from war-time newspaper reports about the Nazi barbarism against the socialist Soviet Union and the resistance struggle of the Red Army alongside his studies on party literature. Towards the beginning of his communist career, Comrade Baidyanath Majumder had to walk from Kailashahar and then take train to Comilla to attend party branch meetings as, the party had no unit in Tripura at that time. He was in prison for the first time in 1943 itself by the administration of the King of Tripura when the peasants organisation formed by Comrade Majumder protested the King’s decision to send food grains from the then princely state to help the British Government in the world-war during the infamous famine of Bengal without ensuring the sufficient storage for the state’s own food grain. He was released in 1945 at the end of world war.


            At the inception of spread of undivided communist party in Tripura since 1948 with start of the growing movement of Ganamukti Parishad led by the leaders like Dasarath Deb of Janashiksha Samity built up by them in 1945, Comrade Baidyanath Majumder included in the State Committee of the undivided Communist party. While movement was growing for an end of feudal exploitation and formation of an elected, responsible Government in Tripura, he took a pioneering role in building up party organisation among the peasants and minority Muslim and Manipuri community of the then undivided Kailashahar Sub-Division and among the tribals of the Longthorai Hills of Tripura.


            He started conducting the party organisation and movements based cheaply in Kailashahar, with the detention of almost all top state party leaders in Hazaribag Jail following start of Chino-Indian border war in 1962. Party leaders including Comrade Baidyanath Majumder was detained without trial for ten months until they were released by Supreme Court in 1964 under Habeas Corpus filed in 1963. With the break out of Indo-Pak war in 1965, he was again thrown into prison with others falsely labeled as Pak agent. Following their release in 1966, the revolutionary section of the state party leadership including Comrade Baidyanath Majumder joined the CPI(M) formed in erstwhile amid organisational struggle against revisionism.


            Besides giving leadership in mass movement since release from jail he started organising  the tea garden workers of Kailashahar Sub-Division. In the aftermath of his leading, a month-long workers strike at Hirachhara Tea Garden in 1969 against the garden authority’s illegal retrenchment of 20 workers, Comrade Baidyanath Majumder played a vital role with others in the formation of Tripura Tea Workers Union. First Vice President, he became later on the President of the Union. In 1969 itself, he led from underground a 17-day long strike of all tea gardens in Tripura  to press for wage hike at the rate then already effective in Cachar District of adjacent Assam, as arrest warrant had been issued against him. A phenomenon repeated during the 1970 students movement at Ram Krishna Mahavidyalay of Kailashahar. In the same year, he became one of the first CITU State Secretariat  Members leading up to his election as its State President in 1989.


            Following promulgation of emergency in 1975, alongside several top party leaders he went underground, remaining in total more than 25 months behind bars and 22 months underground i.e. the entire emergency period. After lifting of emergency, Baidyanath Majumder was elected from Chandipur Constituency of North Tripura  in the December 1977 Assembly polls and then onwards continually for five terms from the same constituency till 1998. In the first and second Left Front cabinets he was PWD and Transport minister. In 1988 during Congress-TUJS coalition regime, he was elected party State Secretariat member in the 12th State conference of the CPI(M). During 1993-97, he was the Deputy Chief Minister in the third Left Front cabinet. He was elected a party Central Committee member in the 13th Congress of the CPI(M) at Chandigarh in 1995. He held the post of Tripura  Left Front  Committee Convenor in 1998-2008. Ahead of the 2008 Coimbatore Party Congress, he voluntarily sought exemption of Central Committee  membership due to age and ailments and in the 19th State Conference he sought to be relieved from the post of party State secretary. But was a State Secretariat  Member of the CPI(M) until he breathed.   

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