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Com. Samar Chowdhury

Samar ChowdhuryBorn in June 1930 at Mymensingh District of present Bangladesh, Samar Chowdhury plunged headlong into the freedom movement as a school student. As a member of the juvenile brigade of poet Sukanta Bhattacharjee, he participated as a volunteer in 1945 in the conference of All India Krishak Sabha held at Netrakona. He came into the touch of the communist party through students movements. Having migrated to India after partition, he once came into contact with Nripen Chakraborty in Kolkata and being guided by him he arrived in Tripura in 1952 when he got the membership of Communist Party of India (CPI) and dedicated himself to building up party organisation in some tribal areas of West Tripura. After few months the party sent him permanently for working at Sonamura where he was settled at the house of a local lawyer and party leader at a time when the party was banned. His real name Amit Bakshi had since changed to Samar Chowdhury. He played the most vital role in building the party organisation among the peasants and agricultural labourers, students and youths and other sections of working class and the middle class. It was he who almost singlehandedly built up a progressive library at Sonamura town. His role was especially vital in building the party organisation in the tribal villages of Sonamura Sub-Division. He became a Local Committee Secretary and member of the State Council of the Communist party of India. He was one of those who took the most vigorous role in the anti-revisionist ideological struggle to form the CPI(M) in Tripura in 1964. He became the Sonamura Divisional Committee member as well as State Committee member of the party. He was also one of those who suffered persecution under Congress regime which dismissed his wife from Government service under Rule 5 without assigning any reason. To maintain a livelihood, he had to work as a deed-writer and a radio-mechanic at a period of his life. He was incarcerated in prison for a total of five years in 1962, 1965, 1974 and 1975. He remained underground for a total of three years on three occasions. Tremendous pecuniary hardship could never deviate him from his organisational work of the party.


          He was elected MLA for the first time in 1972 from Dhanpur Assembly Constituency of Sonamura from where he returned in Tripura Legislative Assembly in 1978, 1993, 1988 and 1993. With the formation of the first Left Front government in Tripura in 1978, he became Deputy Chairman of the State Planning Board and Left Front Chief Whip. Under the second Left Front government, he became Health Minister and under third Left Front government he was at first Minister of Industries, Labour and Transport and afterwards of the Home and Revenue Departments. In 1998, he was elected to Lok Sabha from West Tripura constituency for the first time from where he returned to Lok Sabha in 1999 mid-term polls. He also took a vital role in providing various assistance to freedom-fighters of Bangladesh liberation movement in 1971 as well as in the collection of relief for refugees from Bangladesh


          He remained a CPI(M) Tripura  State Secretariat member since 1978 upto the and of his life. He also remained the State Secretary of All India Kisan Sabha except for some periods of his membership of the successive Left Front Cabinets, as well as member of its central executive Committee.

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