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Com. Brajamohan Jamatia

Bajamohan DebbarmaComrade Brajamohan Jamatia was born in 1905 in a tribal peasant family at Manu of South Tripura. The state was then ruled by king who took hardly any step to offer education to its subjects. Lamentation of being illiterate led him come in touch with the ‘Janashiksha Movement’ (universal education movement) led by Dasaratha Deb and others in 1945. He attained party membership in its formative days in 1950. He started organising the tribals under Ganamukti Parishad, of which he was Central Committee Member till his last day.  Ganamukti Parishad was at that time waging a resistance movement against Army and police deployed by the Congress Government to crush the communists.


          During Indo-China conflict in 1962, Comrade Brajamohan Jamatia alongwith other communist leaders of the state was detained and put in Bhagalpur Jail. The captivity turned a boon to him to fulfill his long-cherished desire to be literate and he engrossed himself in study. Within a year he became able to read newspaper and write letters. After coming out of jail, he led a heroic battle against the tortuous onslaughts led loose by the Forest Department of the Government on the people. A large area of Manu, Birchandra Manu, and Garjee etc including the traditional habitations of tribals was declared ‘Forest Reserve’ by the Government. He built up a strong popular resistance against these onslaughts of the Forest Department mobilizing tribals and nontribals in one platform. Congress Government issued permanent warrant of arrest against him. He gone underground and led the struggle to victory.


          In 1967, as a sequence of Indo-Pak war, a section of Muslims at Paikhola of Belonia, migrated to Pakistan leaving their landed property. Their properties were managed to be muted in favour of some non-farmers Congress leaders residing in Belonia town. The kisans who were cultivating these plots were given notice to vacate these lands. The police stood in favour of the Congress leaders.  The farmers under the leadership of Comrade Brajamohan Jamatia raised a strong resistance with the conventional weapons like bows and arrows and succeeded in keeping the land under the possession of the kisans. During split of party in 1964, he firmly sided with CPI(M), and was elected state Committee Member of the party.


          He was elected in Tripura Legislative Assembly in two terms in 1977 and 1988. He was one of the targets in gruesome attack at Birchandra Manu carnage which rocked the nation in 1988. At Birchandra Manu 11 leading comrades including ADC member, party DCMs, Pradhans and local leaders were selectively butchered by the killers fostered by the Congress, the bigger partner of the ruling coalition, on 12th October, 1988. The heinous pre-planned attack was triggered off when a batch of party leaders and workers in presence of comrade Brajamohan Jamatia were hoisting red flag to reopen a party office that was forcibly closed by the Congress miscreants. Comrade Jamatia narrowly escaped the bid on his life hiding himself in a bamboo bush. In 2005, crossing the centenary of his birth, he opted to be relieved from the state committee on health ground which the party conceded to with due honour. 

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